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What are the Phoneme/Grapheme Cards?

“How do I explain the reason for the different spellings in the English language?”
These cards will give teachers the confidence to answer that question.

  • There is logic to the language but many teachers find this is missing information which most of us don’t know about.

  • These generic sound/spelling cards are designed to use in grades K-5th with any reading program.

  • These cards are for teachers to use as a supplemental resource tool.

  • Use them as a quick and easy reference guide for the reliable patterns of spelling and reading.

  • These cards will provide a visual aid for both students and teachers.

  • Teachers will find basic phonics information and some extra facts on the back of each card.

  • Lists of words following a pattern and specific phonics explanations are included. The most common patterns are listed on the front of each card.

On the back of each card is a brief explanation for the pattern(s)listed on the front. The slash marks / / indicate the sound (phoneme) represented by the letter or letters (grapheme) on the front of the card.

Color code key:
Short vowels are printed in red. Several spelling patterns are used following short vowels.

For example, we spell with ck  after a short vowel.  So, the red box __ on the front of the card indicates that a short vowel sound always comes before this spelling pattern.

Long vowel spellings are printed in green – a, a_e

Vowel teams (two or more letters representing a vowel sound) and diphthongs are printed in blue – ai, -ay. These spellings may represent a short, long, or a diphthong sound.

Vowel –r spellings are printed in orange – ar.

Dr. Mary Dahlgren, the author of these new innovative cards, conducts professional development training across the country. She uses best practices from scientifically based reading research to help teachers improve classroom instruction. As a national LETRS trainer, Mary has extensive experience working with individual schools, districts and state departments of education.

How to use the Phoneme/Grapheme Cards

Dr. Mary Dahlgren, gives a brief description on the cards and how to use them.